What is preening and why do birds do it?
Preening is a bird's way of taking care of its feathers. Birds preen by running their beaks or feet over their feathers. Birds will preen several times each day to may sure their feathers are in tip-top condition. Preening has several goals
- removal of dirt and dust that has accumulated on feathers
- removal of parasites such as fleas and mites
- rearrangement/realignment of feathers in relationship to the nearby feathers
- removing the sheathes from new feathers
- spreading oil from the uropygial gland to condition and waterproof and waterproof its feathers
The uropygial gland is located at the base of the tail and requires a bit of contortion to reach.
The whole process of preening seems to require a lot of awkward posing, but without clean feathers a bird would have a hard time flying, staying warm and dry, and staying healthy. Besides, preening probably just feels good to birds. It's sort of like scratching an itch!
As a bird preens it will often shake its feathers vigorously before settling them back into place.
This hawk stayed on the utility pole for more than five minutes preening before taking flight. Within a minute of taking flight it was joined in the air by its mate. This pair has a nest somewhere nearby - probably in one of several woods located within a half-mile of the District Office. It is not unusual for me to see one or both of these birds several times each day. It is rare for me to see one perched for so long. Usually when one perches nearby it attracts the attention of crows or smaller birds that will mob it until it leaves the area.